Resize Widgets Easily Using PyQt5 in Python

We always want customization in our app, as most of the time, default values are not what we look for, especially in the GUI-related elements of an app. So, here we have provided you with various pyqt resize methods to customize our widgets accordingly.

Playing with the window size

By default, the window size and all other labels and buttons get automatically resized as we change the size of the window of our application.

Using pyqt resize() function

We can use the resize() function of Pyqt to determine the window size. Pyqt’s resize function() takes width and height as its argument. Its syntax is as shown below:-

self.resize(width, height)

Using Pyqt5 designer tool to resize the window

If you are using the PyQt5 Designer tool to design the UI of your application, you can resize the window by clicking and dragging the edges or corners of the window in the designer.

How to set minimum size of the window

If we want a minimum size beyond which a widget can’t be reduced then we can utilize the setMinimumSize() function.

self.setMinimumSize(width, height)

Fixing the maximum size of the window

Similar to the minimum size, we can define our window to have a maximum size meaning our window can’t be expanded further than that maximum size.

We can achieve that using the setMaximumSize() function. It takes two arguments, namely width and height after which we want to restrict our window.

self.setMaximumSize(width, height)

How to fix the maximum of one of the sides?

According to our requirements, we can even fix either one of the maximum heights or maximum width. When we apply these methods, the other length will be variable, i.e., there will be no maximum length, and it may be extended to fit the screen size.

self.setMaximumWidth(width)#sets the maximum width
self.setMaximumHeight(height)#sets the maximum height

Fixing a minimum of one of the sides

Similar to the maximum width or maximum height, we can apply minimum width or minimum height according to what we need. It simply means that we can fix the minimum length of one side, and the other can be shrunk to whatever size we wish. Similar to the setMaximumWidth(width) and setMaximumHeight(height), we have setMinimumWidth(width) and setMinimum(width). Its syntax too is similar.

self.setMinimumWidth(width)#sets the minimum width

self.setMinimumHeight(height)#sets the minimum height

Fixing the window size

When we create a window, the window size is resizable by default; however, we may use the setFixedSize() method to set the fixed size of the window. It takes two integers as its arguments.


However, we cannot use this way to simply establish the fixed height or width length.
To set one length as fixed and the other as a variable, we must use the setFixedWidth() or setFixedHeight()method. To set the fixed width, we must use the setFixedWidth () method; to set the fixed height, we can use the setFixedHeight() method.

self.setFixedWidth(width)#sets the fixed width of the window.

self.setFixedHeight(height)#sets the fixed height of the window.

How to auto-scale using pyqt

Sometimes we need to display text information in our GUI(Graphical User Interface), which may lead to inconsistency in the text length, and thus, it is difficult to use resize() method. So, we would require something using which we can auto-scale the size of the label according to the text. We can use adjustSize() method to achieve that feat.

adjustSize() function doesn’t take any argument.

Its syntax is as shown below:-


Note that the adjustSize() method only works for top-level widgets (windows). If you want to adjust the size of a child widget to fit its contents, you can use the setSizePolicy() method to set the size policy to QSizePolicy.Expanding.

widget.setSizePolicy(QtWidgets.QSizePolicy.Expanding, QtWidgets.QSizePolicy.Expanding)

How to change the size of the label using pyqt resize

Using resize() function, we can change the size of the label. It takes width and height as its arguments. Its syntax is as follows

label.resize(width, height)
Output of the resize function.
Image showing use of resize() function

Changing the push button size

We can use two methods resize() method or setGeometry(). The difference between them is that resize() method can only be used to alter the size of the button, while the setGeometry() method can be used to set the size along with the position of the push button.

Their syntax is as follows:-

button.setGeometry(left, top, width, height)

Here, left and top help in setting the position of the widget, while width and height determine the size of the button.

The syntax of resize() is as follows:-

button.resize(width, height)

It is already obvious from the syntax of the resize() that it takes width and height as the argument.

Fix the size of any widget using pyqt resize()

resize() method is very versatile. It can be used with any widget type, like the label, button, etc., to fix its size. Its generalized syntax is:-


The above syntax will simply take the values of width and height and will set the widget size accordingly.

Using pyqt to resize columns to fit the content

To resize a column in a PyQt5 application to fit the contents of the column, you can use the resizeColumnToContents() method of the QTableView widget. Here is an example of how to use this method:

tableView = QTableView()
# set up the table model and data
# ...
# resize the first column to fit the contents

This will resize the first column of the table to the minimum width required to display the contents of the column. You can also use the resizeColumnsToContents() method to resize all columns in the table to fit their contents.


How to expand and collapse widgets using pyqt?

To expand and collapse a widget in PyQt5, you can use a QSizeGrip widget and apply a sizeHint.Here is an example of how to implement this:

import sys
from PyQt5 import QtWidgets, QtCore

class MainWindow(QtWidgets.QWidget):
    def __init__(self):

        # create a horizontal layout
        layout = QtWidgets.QHBoxLayout(self)

        # create a label and a size grip
        self.label = QtWidgets.QLabel("Hello, World!")
        self.size_grip = QtWidgets.QSizeGrip(self)

        # add the label and size grip to the layout
        layout.addWidget(self.size_grip, 0, QtCore.Qt.AlignBottom | QtCore.Qt.AlignRight)

        # set the size hint of the size grip
        self.size_grip.setSizePolicy(QtWidgets.QSizePolicy.Expanding, QtWidgets.QSizePolicy.Expanding)

app = QtWidgets.QApplication(sys.argv)
window = MainWindow()

This will create a widget with a label and a size grip that you can use to expand and collapse the widget. You can adjust the size of the widget by dragging the size grip

Using pyqt to resize the height of the Qtable widget

To resize the height of a QTableWidget to fit the table’s contents, you can use the resizeRowsToContents() method. This method will adjust the height of each row to the maximum height of the cells in that row. Here is an example of how to use this method:

tableWidget = QTableWidget()
# set up the table data
# ...
# resize the rows to fit the contents

To set the height of a specific row to a specific value, you can use the setRowHeight() method.

tableWidget.setRowHeight(0, 100)

Resize pyqt pixmap

To resize a QPixmap in PyQt5, you can use the scaled() method. This method returns a copy of the pixmap scaled to a specified size. Here is an example of how to use the scaled() method:

import sys
from PyQt5 import QtWidgets, QtGui

app = QtWidgets.QApplication(sys.argv)

# load a pixmap
pixmap = QtGui.QPixmap("image.png")

# create a label and set the pixmap
label = QtWidgets.QLabel()

# resize the pixmap
scaled_pixmap = pixmap.scaled(200, 200, QtCore.Qt.KeepAspectRatio)

# set the scaled pixmap on the label


This will create a label with the pixmap image.png scaled to a size of 200×200 pixels. The Qt.KeepAspectRatio flag tells the scaled() method to preserve the aspect ratio of the pixmap while scaling. We can use the scaledToWidth() and scaledToHeight() methods to scale the pixmap to a specific width or height, while preserving the aspect ratio.

#For width 
scaled_pixmap = pixmap.scaledToWidth(200)

#For height
scaled_pixmap = pixmap.scaledToHeight(200)


How can one stop pyqt widget from resizing?

Use setFixedSize() method to set a fixed size of the widget.

For what purpose pyqt is used?

“pyqt” is used to add the GUI(Graphical User Interface) components to our applications.

Do pyqt widgets dynamically resize by default?

In PyQt, widgets do not dynamically resize by default. However, you can use layout managers to automatically adjust the size and position of widgets.

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