Color Formatting Easily Using Python Colorama

Is there a way we can print colors onto our console via Python? Yes, the most straightforward way is to use Python Colorama. macOS and Linux have their own inbuilt console color codes that do not work on Windows. This module makes sure those commands work on Windows and provides its own set of commands for console color settings.

What is Colorama?

Colorama is a Python module that displays colored output in consoles. Any text that is shown in the console can have its foreground and background changed.

macOS and Linux have their own inbuilt console color codes that do not work on Windows. This module makes sure those commands work on Windows as well.

You can check out Colorama public GitHub repo here.

Setting up Colorama

As of Python 3.10, this module is NOT a part of the Python Standard Library. To install manually, use PIP or Anaconda.

Running any of these commands will automatically install the latest version of colorama.

PIP Installation (Windows)
pip install colorama
PIP Installation (Linux)
sudo pip3 install colorama
Anaconda Installation
conda install -c anaconda colorama

After installation, you can import colorama into your Python Project.

Importing the Module
import colorama

How to use Python Colorama

Initializing Colorama

Our first step is to initialize Colorama by running the init() method, as follows:

import colorama

init() can take some keyword arguments, here’s a rundown:

Keyword Argument + Default ValueDescription
init(autoreset = True)Setting this to True will reset color and style settings after each line.
init(strip = None)Setting this to True will remove ANSI codes from the output. The default behavior is to strip if on Windows or if the output is redirected.
init(convert = None)Passing True will convert ANSI codes in the output into win32 calls. The default behavior is to convert if on Windows, and output is to a terminal.
init(wrap = True)On Windows, Colorama works by replacing sys.stdout and sys.stderr with proxy objects, which override the .write() method to do their work. If this wrapping causes you problems, then this can be disabled by passing init(wrap=False). The default behavior is to wrap if auto-reset or strip or convert are True.

Writing Colored Text

The following program demonstrates how we can write colored text and background.

from colorama import init, Fore, Back

# Fore changes the text's foreground color
print(Fore.BLUE + "Blue Letters")

#Back changes the text's background color
print(Back.WHITE + "White Background")



This provides us with blue text on a white background.

Available Console Colors

These are all the colors Colorama provides:

  • Fore.RED
  • Fore.GREEN
  • Fore.YELLOW
  • Fore.BLUE
  • Fore.MAGENTA
  • Fore.CYAN
  • Fore.WHITE

Applying Bold Style Settings

There are three text styles you can apply that effect text opacity.

  • DIM
from colorama import init, Fore, Style

# Prints text with minimum opacity 
print(Fore.BLUE + Style.DIM + "Blue Letters")

# Prints text with default console opacity
print(Fore.BLUE + Style.NORMAL + "Blue Letters")

# Prints text with high opacity (Bold letters)
print(Fore.BLUE + Style.BRIGHT + "Blue Letters")

Note: These settings may not be visible on all terminals.



Resetting the Color/Style Settings

You can reset all the colors and style settings by simply passing Style.RESET\_ALL(). Running this method will reset everything back to default console settings.

from colorama import init, Fore, Back, Style

print(Fore.BLUE +  Back.WHITE + "Sample Text" + Style.RESET\_ALL)
print("Reset to default settings")

If you’re constantly going to be using different color settings, you can enable auto-reset upon initialization like this:

colorama.init(autoreset = True)

This resets to default settings after the execution of each line.



Adjusting Console Font Size

This is unfortunately not possible. Python has no control over the size of the printed text. That’s entirely dependent on the settings of your terminal emulator.

The only way to print out large letters onto your console is to use ASCII Graphics.

Implementing Blinking Console Text

Here’s a way you add Blinking text using Colorama.

import colorama

text=colored("HI THERE!", color="magenta", on_color="on_cyan", attrs=["blink"])

Note that Windows terminals do not support blinking text.

Clearing Console Screen

Here’s an example for using the colorama to clear your output console screen.

import colorama


Other Methods to Implement Console Color Formatting

Python termcolor

Termcolor is another module that allows similar color formatting for console outputs. It’s also an external module. You should install manually using PIP or Anaconda.

import colorama
from termcolor import colored


print(colored("red color", "red"))
print(colored("yellow color", "yellow"))
print(colored("blue color", "blue"))
print(colored("cyan color", "cyan"))
print(colored("green color", "green"))
print(colored("magenta color", "magenta"))


Python termcolor colorama

Common Errors in Colorama

Requirement already satisfied: colorama in /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages.

Make sure your header code’s Python Version matches the one you’re currently Using.

If you’re using Python 2, your header code should look like this:

#!usr/bin/env python

Alternatives to Colorama

Here’s a rundown of alternatives to the colorama module. Links for their repos are also provided.

Python termcolor vs Python colorama

Despite both functions working in conjunction with each other, here are a few differences.

termcolor is a python module for ANSII Color formatting for output in the terminal. Cross-platform printing of colored text can be done using’s constant shorthand for ANSI escape sequences.
Only provides color formatting for console display.Provides attributes that allow you to strip, convert and wrap ANSI codes.
It can be installed using PIP/Anaconda. Not part of the Standard LibraryIt can be installed using PIP/Anaconda. Not part of the Standard Library

FAQs on Python Colorama

How to Install Colorama for Ubuntu?

Similar to Linux, running:
sudo -H python3 -m pip install colorama
will install colorama for Ubuntu OS


We have looked at how to implement Python Colorama to color format console outputs. An alternative to Colorama has been reviewed. Style settings to change the console text appearance have been evaluated. This is a must-use module if you’re working with results within your system console.

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