[Solved] Cannot Import Name Multihostdsn from pydantic.networks

Users utilize the pydantic library to work on DNA strings. This library aids in parsing and validating these strings. The BaseSettings class of this library has the MultiHostDsn class, which is responsible for the validation of these strings. Via this blog, let’s understand how to resolve the ‘cannot import name multihostdsn from pydantic.networks‘ error while operating multihostdsn class of pydantic.networks module.

Uses of multihostdsn in pydantic

It holds a varied number of uses. This is used for:

  • Validation of data
  • Configuration of models
  • Pooling the connections

This ensures that the code is error-free. Moreover, you can alter the configuration of your device without making changes to the application code. It has the ability to connect to multiple databases with a single connection source. Therefore, it saves users time.

Working on the pydantics library

Working of the pydantics library
cannot import name multihostdsn from pydantic.networks

As we know, the MultiHostDsn class belongs to the pydantic module only, so as the first step, you need to import the latter and use the MultiHostDsn function to parse it.

from pydantic import MultiHostDsn

dsn = "postgres://user:[email protected],host2.db.net:6432/db"

# Validate and parse the DSN string
multi_host_dsn = MultiHostDsn(dsn)

# Print the validated and parsed DSN string

The Output of this code will be:

MultiHostDsn(dsn='postgres://user:[email protected],host2.db.net:6432/db')

Reasons for the error

You get this error for a couple of reasons. Some of these are:

  • You haven’t installed the pydantic library properly
  • A difference exists between the versions of Pydantic and Python.
  • The version of this library is old.
  • The pip version has not been upgraded.
  • You may have a library that shows dependency on older versions of pydantic.networks.

Resolving the error

You may encounter “cannot import name multihostdsn from pydantic.networks” error. So, you can resolve the error using the following methods. These will definitely work.

Reinstalling the library

First, you need to assess the version of Pydantic. The given Python command helps you do so.

pip show pydantic

You can re-install the pydantic library. It solves most of the errors.

pip install pydantic

Update the version of the pip

You should update the version of pip to the current version on the shell terminal or command line.

python -m pip install --upgrade pip

Check the Path

Open the command prompt and enter the command given below. Check the Scripts folder in my files and copy the location of this folder. Now, cd to this location. It will redirect to the Python folder.

where python

After that, you just need to install the pydantic library.

pip install pydantic

Other methods of installation

There are some other methods that aid you in installation. Simply enter any of these on the terminal.

python3 -m pip install pydantic 
pip3 install pydantic

Installation on the user side and Ubuntu

The first command depicts how you can use pydantic for the user, while the second command shows its usage with Ubuntu. It depends on your usage of which command will be better for you.

pip install --user pydantic
sudo apt install pydantic

Upgrading pydantic

It is necessary to keep the pydantic version updated. This given version works with almost all libraries. The given code states three ways through which you can upgrade pydantic.

pip install pydantic --upgrade
pip install --upgrade pydantic==2.0*
pip install --upgrade pydantic==2.*

Solution with Poetry

A few users prefer using poetry to pip. It aids in managing dependencies for libraries. With the help of poetry also, you can check and upgrade the version of pydantic. Make sure that you are installing the v2.0 version of pydantic.

poetry add pydantic=^2.0

For cross-verification, you can check its existence with the help of this command.

poetry show pydantic

As an alternate command, go for this one:

poetry show pydantic | awk '/version { print $3 }'

Solution with Cloud-based IDE

Certain users may prefer using Google Colab or Repl.it for validating the DSN strings. Mostly, they may incur the version problem, which has already been discussed above. Version mismatch occurs the most frequently.

  • Go to the IDE’s Python environment and  reinstall pydantic-networks package.
  • PyCharm or Visual Studio Code will also provide the same output so you can create an environment there.

Solution with anaconda

In case you are working with Anaconda and encounter this error, you should definitely consider downgrading to a version prior to 2.0.0. Otherwise, you need to go through your project’s dependencies file and upgrade them.

pip install pydantic==1.10.2

Check if pydantic is present

If you have correctly imported the pydantic module, you can check it using the hasattr attribute. In case the module exists, you will get the first message. Else, the control will shift to the next block.

import pydantic

if hasattr(pydantic, "networks"):
    print("The pydantic.networks module is available.")
    print("The pydantic.networks module is not available.")

Other Tips

Your mistake may not be a blunder. If you are not able to resolve the ‘cannot import name multihostdsn from pydantic.networks‘ error in python, check out these tips for better insights.

  • Make sure that all libraries need the same version of Pydantic.
  • You can restart your computer or create a virtual environment if it helps.
  • Before installing any library, you should check the documentation of that particular library.
  • Moreover, check for the latest version updates. It is better to install the updated versions of libraries.
  • It has a great community, so if the error persists, you may share your doubts with the community.

Other ways to connect to multiple databases

There are some other ways to connect to multiple databases or servers. You can take the help of either the given function or the library. It creates a pool of connections.

  • SQLAlchemy’s create_engine() function
  • psycopg2-pool library


I am using Pydantic 2.0 or later, but I am still getting the error. Why?

It is better to use a virtual environment in this case. If the issue persists, you can post the question on the Gradio GitHub repository and consult the community.

I am using a library that depends on Pydantic 1.x. How can I use the MultiHostDsn class?

You can go for another third-party library like pydantic-multihostdsn library. It holds no compatibility problem.

I am using a different programming language, such as JavaScript or C#. Can I still use the MultiHostDsn class?

No, as discussed earlier, it is a Python library. Other languages will not support it.


This article discusses the ‘cannot import name multihostdsn from pydantic.networks‘ error in Python. It discusses why a user gets the error and what he can do to get rid of this error. It also covers some basic tips if the error still stands unresolved.

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